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The Sikh Scriptures

THE SIKH SCRIPTURES

Guru Granth Sahib

The holiest of the Sikh scriptures is Guru Granth Sahib. It was called Adi Granth (first scripture) until Guru Gobind Singh conferred on it the title of the Guru in 1708, after which it was called Guru Granth Sahib.

Guru Granth Sahib is the only world scripture which was compiled during the life time of its compiler. All other world scriptures were compiled many years after the death of the prophet. (compare it with Vedas, written at least thousand years after their pronouncement; Bible, written about 60 years after the death of Christ; Koran, written about 80 years after the death of Mohammed, Three Baskets and Angas written about 40 years after the death of Buddha and Mahavir).

Guru Granth Sahib was compiled by Guru Arjan Dev, the fifth Guru of the Sikhs. The work of compilation was started in 1601 and finished in 1604. The Granth, called by Guru Arjan as Pothi Sahib, was installed at Golden Temple (then called `Harimandir' - the house of God) with great celebrations.

Guru Arjan included the hymns of the following in the Granth:

Guru Nanak, Guru Angad, Guru Amardas, Guru Ramdas and himself (Guru Arjan), 15 renowned saints of both Guru period and pre - Guru period. Farid and Bhikhen were Muslims and others were Hindus. Hindu saints were from both higher and lower castes, e.g., Ravidas, Sain, Sadhna and Namdev were from lower castes, whereas Parmanand, Surdas, Jaidev and Ramanand were Brahmins. The Bhagats also represented different parts of India, e.g., Farid was a Punjabi, Dhanna was a Rajasthani, Jaidev was a Bengali, Namdev, Parmanand, Trilochan and Pipa were Maharashtrians, Sadhna was a Sindhi, Sain was from Madhya Pradesh, and Kabir, Bhikhen, Beni, Ramanand , Ravidas and Surdas were from Uttar Pradesh.
17 bhatts (court poets) most of whom were Brahmins.
3 other disciples Bhai Mardana, a Muslim, Sunder, and Satta & Balwand, Muslims.

Guru Gobind Singh, later (1706), added the hymns of Guru Tegh Bahadur in it and declared it to be the Guru of the Sikhs.The scribe of the first version (Guru Arjan's compilation) was Bhai Gurdas and of the second version (Guru Gobind Singh's compilation) was Bhai Mani Singh.

Read more on Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji

 

THE OTHER SIKH SCRIPTURES

Dasam Granth:

Sarab Loh Granth:

Varan Bhai Gurdas

OTHER SIKH SCRIPTURES

  1. Amarnama
  2. Ani Rai
  3. Araz Ul Alfaz
  4. Baba Mohan Valian Pothian
  5. Babar Vani
  6. Bala Janam Sakhi
  7. Bansavalinama Dasan Patshahian Ka
  8. Bavanja kavi
  9. Bhagat Ratanavali
  10. Bhera Sri Guru Gobind Singh Ji Ka
  11. Chalitar Joti Samavane ki
  12. Chaturbhuj Pothi
  13. Fatehnamah - Bhai Dyal Singh
  14. Ganjnama
  15. Haqiqat Rah Muqam Raje Shivnabh Ki
  16. Hazarnamah
  17. Kabitt Savaiye
  18. Karkhe Patshah Dasvin Ke
  19. Karni Namah
  20. Nasihat Namah
  21. Panj Sau Sakhi
  22. Pauri Guru Gobind Singh Ki
  23. Pothi
  24. Pothi Sachkhand
  25. Prachin Panth Prakash
  26. Prem Abodh Pothi
  27. Prem Sumarag
  28. Sukhmam Sahansarnama

Search Gurbani

SearchGurbani.com brings to you a unique and comprehensive approach to explore and experience the word of God. It has the Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji, Amrit Kirtan Gutka, Bhai Gurdaas Vaaran, Sri Dasam Granth Sahib and Kabit Bhai Gurdas . You can explore these scriptures page by page, by chapter index or search for a keyword in either one or all of the scriptures. The Reference section includes Mahankosh, Guru Granth Kosh, Hukumnama Index and exegesis like Faridkot Teeka, Guru Granth Darpan and lot more.

The Sikh Encyclopedia

Encyclopedias encapsulate accurate information in a given area of knowledge and have indispensable in an age which the volume and rapidity of social change are making inaccessible much that outside one's immediate domain of concentration.At the time when Sikhism is attracting world wide notice, an online reference work embracing all essential facets of this vibrant faithis a singular contribution to the world of knowledge.
TheSikhEncyclopedia.com

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