was released along with 52 rajas from the Gwalior fort. Naik
Hari Ram, Daroga, son of Naik Harbans Lal, Chandsbansi Jadav,
Barhtian Kanawat, did deep mala (lighting small lamps
all over the house) in honour of release of "bandi chhor"
Guru Hargobind from imprisonment, on the date of Diwali. The
term "bandi chhor", deliverer from prison, was first
used for Guru Hargobind immediately after the release of 52
Rajput princes by Naik Hari Ram, Daroga of Gawalior fort, who
had the first hand knowledge of the goings on leading to their
==> Guru HAR GOBIND PATSHAH (1595-1644) was born on Hadh
21 sunmat 1652 (June 14, 1595) to father Sri Guru Arjan Dev
Patshah and mother Matta Ganga Ji, in village Vadhali. He
received his religious education from Baba Budha Ji. Guru
Sahib married three time:
1. Damodari Ji, daughter of Dalha resident Narayan Das on
Bhadho 12 sunmat 1661;
2. Nanaki Ji, daughter of Bakala resident Hari Chand on Vaisakh
8 sunmat 1670;
3. Mahadevi Ji, daughter of Mandiyala resident Daya Ram on
Sawan 11 sunmat 1672.
Guru Sahib had five sons (Baba Gurditta Ji, Suraj Mal, Aani
Rai, Atal Rai, and Guru Teg Bahadhur Ji) and one daughter
(Bhiro). On Jaeth 29 sunmat 1663 (May 25 1606), while ascended
to Guru Gadhi, Guru Har Gobind Patshah changed the previous
tradition of wearing "Saeli toppi" (cap) and replaced
it with wearing "Kalgi". At the same time, he started
the tradition of wearing two swords of "Miri Piri".
Observing the prevalent conditions of the nation at that time,
Guru Sahib started teaching self-protection skills along with
the religious preaching.
* in sunmat 1665, constructed the Takhat "Akal Bungha",
in front of Sri Harmindar Sahib,
* in sunmat 1669, established Sri Guru Arjan Dev Sahib's Dehra
* from sunmat 1670-71 flourished the forest region of Daroli,
etc. by residing there,
* in sunmat 1624, helped Mohan and Kalae in establishing Maehraj
* in sunmat 1624, constructed the Kolsar sarowar in Amritsar,
* in 1685, constructed "Bibaek Sar" for Bibaekae
When the Akbar's policy of assimilation changed to Jahagir's
propaganda against the Sikhs, resulting in the martyrdom of
Sri Guru Arjan Dev Patshah, Guru Har Gobind Patshah urged
his followers to pick up weapons for their self-protection.
He preached self-protection along with his religious message.
Upon hearing this, Jahagir arrested and jailed Guru Sahib
in Gawalior fort. However, instead of losing popularity, as
expected by Jahagir, this action immensely increased the popularity
and following of Guru Sahib. Many renowned muslims issued
a call for Guru Sahib's release. As a result, Jahagir not
only released Guru Sahib but actively sought to establish
some level of friendship. However, when Shahjahan came to
power in sunmat 1685, the government policy went strongly
against the Sikhs. As a result, Guru Sahib fought the following
four wars with the Mughal forces:
war with General Sukhlis Khan in sunmat 1685.
Gobindpur war with the ruler of Jallandar in sunmat 1687.
of Gurusar near Maehraj with General KamarBaeg in sunmat
1688. After this war, Guru Sahib blessed Phul with sovereign
rule that subsequently emerged as the Patiala rule.
war with Kalae Khan, Pandhae Khan, etc. in 1691. Subsequent
to this war, Guru Sahib moved his resident to Kiratpur.
However, Guru Sahib continued with his active propagation
of Sikh faith. He traveled to Kashmir, PiliBheet, Baar,
and Malwa and enlightened thousands on to the correct path.
As a result many muslims came under the fold of Sikhs. He
also encouraged Udasis to travel throughout the world to
propagate Guru Nanak's message.
left this materialistic world for heavenly abode on Chaet
7 sunmat 1701 (March 3, 1644) after serving as the sixth Guru
of GurSikhism for a total of 37 years, 10 months, and 7 days.
Guru Sahib's entire journey through this planet amounted to
48 years, 8 months, and 15 days. Guru Har Rai Patshah ascended
to Guru Gadhi after Guru Har Gobind.
"Arjan Har Gobind Nu Simaro Sri Har Rai" (Chandhi
Mahan Kosh (pp. 265)